Friday, February 10, 2017

FEB 10, 2017 LENR KEYWORDS FOR TODAY:' PRAXEOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES" "IN SITU"

MOTTO

The important question is whether [a theory] is true, not whether envisioning an alternative is too intellectually painful to bear. (J.D. Trout) 

(today on Gurteen Knowledge)

Image result for "best practices" quotations"Image result for "best practices" quotations"



Whoever does not understand the logic, and usually does not understand why he does not understand it - Tadeusz Kotarbinski Quotes - StatusMind.comPhilosophy does not have invaluable results, but the study of philosophy provides invaluable results - Tadeusz Kotarbinski Quotes - StatusMind.com


DAILY NOTES

 EDITORIAL - ABOUT PRAXEOLOGY AND IN-SITU LENR  ACTIVE SITES

Today instead of wasting time with discussions with the DeJA vu activists (the first 2 on LENR Forum the third out side on his own site) I decided to tell you about something tht I consider really important and possibly useful:
- application of  the  praxeological "best practices" methodology to LENR development;
- specifically finding out the application of the "in situ" to LENR

Praxeology  is the science of good actions, that teaches us to work well i.e.
effectively (to do what you have to) and efficiently (to do how you have to)
See please: Praxeology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Praxeology
My generation here got acquainted and some of us familiar with Praxeology from Tadeusz Kotrbinski's book: "Praxiology. An introduction to the science of efficient action,"
As an aside, I have founded two original praxeological sciences:

- Prumology- thst demonstrates that the opposite of progress is not stagnation but decay- actually stagnation even cannot exist;

- Scipiology- the high art of direct conversion of disasters in triumphs
I dare to think that both Prumology and Scipiology are vital for LENR and it is a pity that they had not been applied as it is necessary..

In industry one of the most popular forms of applied praxeology is "good practices"
or more ambitiously but less realistically -Best Practices-  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_practice

I have learned how to think, use, live the principles of Best Practice  mainly via quality creation, quality development and quality control and planning and by the study of the US quality school teachings - Juran, Deming Crosby. It is my duty and pleasure to add Robert Pirsig to the list, those who know his book will understand why.

I want to speak now about a seemingly simple good practice principle- proximity -
the tools and other things necessary for n efficient action should be easily ccessible near to the very place where the action is performed. One of its forms extreme -is xalled "in situ"And "in situ " was decisively important for my professional career.

Polymerisation of vinyl chloride with "in situ " initiators

At OLTCHIM the greatest chemical factory in Romania, a second plant of suspension vinyl chloride was planned for 1974-5. PVC-s is manufacture batch wise in autoclaves. The process was then rather slow - say 24 hours per batch so the investment comprised initially 60 new autoclaves the equipment is expensive and  
pretentious- special stainless steel, advanced control  - the autoclaves had to be
imported from Germany (as for the first already working plant with 20 autoclaves) 
 The technology was advancing worldwide- my task as researcher was to know how it is advancing and to implement the new adavances fast.. 
The process is radical polymerization being triggered by some active substances introduced in the batch at the start- INITIATORS- these are decomposing in a controlled managed manner- each free radical formed starts a chain reaction
very fast. In the reactor at a ny moment you have only the monomer and polymer 
at the final molecular weight- and a very small quantity of growing ultra-fast - material.
Ok, let's the detail aside we have used then a very slow initiator, lauroyl peroxide manufactured in a factory in Bucharest. 
The faster initiators  mainly poroxydicarbonates had to be imported but they were expensive  and thermally instable,  danger of explosion in ambient conditions so they need refrigerated transport- very risky this was years before the European Union and passing the boarders was slow. 
However I have found a short notice in Chemical Engineering  about  the so called "in situ" initiators for vinyl chloride- that is the initiator is manufactured in the reaction mixture  from its components, as a stage of the process per se. The most handy to use is ethyl-chloroformiate and H2O2 Hydrogen peroxyde you onbtain the initiator di-ethyl peroxy-dicarbonate-
DEHPC. We  made the tests and have worked out a technology we patented 
(Romanian Patent 65093/ Nov 8 1972)  Based on our resulst the new plant was redsigned only 42 autoclaves instead of 60. While the plant was in construction we made a lot of tests solved some problems, organized the production of ethyl chloroformiate and its safe transport - it is obtain from phosgene and ethyl alcohol 
 and it is a super-nasty stuff. OK, triumph, the Prize of the Romanian Academy 
for technology- expected reward 300.000 leis (2 flats of 4 rooms as the one I had to buy moving to Cluj to take care of my ill son) , received 15,000 because Elena Ceausescu has changed the Law  for Inventions  considering the researchers and inventors will be too rich.  The technology has worked 6 years and we have changed the initiator to a better preformed one- diethylhexylperoxidicarbonate DEHPC  obtaine also in situ- in the factory 200 meters from the PVC plant locallly keeping it well refrigerated was a soluble problem. But I remember "in situ" with great pleasure.

In situ generation of active sites (N.A.E.) in LENR

I stated in 1991-2 that Cold Fusion takes place in active sites so if we want to have a useful form of the process we must have many active sites, a great density of them. 
We have to create active sites- similar to those that catalyst have and we have to reserve their identity and functionality, they have to survive the heat generation process.
Edmund Storms describes genesis of NAE in his papers- hr says "a very unusual condition has to be created.
In the yesterday issue we had an example of how can the active site, NAE be created 
Paper 5) at news is a patent by Francesco Piantelli and his patents are all remarkably well conceived and written:
I am citing this part from the abstract:

comprises a step 110 of depositing an amount of crystals of the transition metal in the form of micro/nanometric clusters having a predetermined crystalline structure on a surface of a substrate, wherein each clusters has a number of atoms of the transition metal lower than a predetermined number of atoms, and in such a way that the substrate contains on its surface a number of clusters that is larger than a minimum number.

It is about creating complex structures as the loci for the reaction, and this is LENR with NAE pre-formed in situ.
I think the industral level of energy LENR needs a more dynamic form of in situ generation of the active sites- combining in situ with in time, all the time and high frnisity.
A creative combination of proximity, immediacy and intensity.

In situ- On revient toujours a son premier amour (grand amour).


DAILY NEWS

1) Jean Paul Biberian's great contribution to LENR, he publishes:
JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE
http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedu.pdf

Thanks and congratulations to Jean-Paul Biberian for the 10th Anniversary of the journal!

RESEARCH ARTICLES 

CR-39 Detector Track Characterization in Experiments with Pd/D Co-deposition  Andriy Savrasov, Viktor Prokopenko and Eugene Andreev

 Basic Design Considerations for Industrial LENR Reactors  Jacques Ruer 

On Plausible Role of Classical Electromagnetic Theory and Submicroscopic Physics to understand and Enhance Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: A Preliminary Review Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati and Volodymyr Krasnoholovets 

Oscillating Excess Power Gain and Magnetic Domains in NANOR®-type CF/LANR Components  Mitchell R. Swartz 

Development of a Cold Fusion Science and Engineering Course  Gayle M. Verner, Mitchell R. Swartz and Peter L. Hagelstein 

Probabilistic Models for Beam, Spot, and Line Emission for Collimated X-ray Emission in the Karabut Experiment   Peter L. Hagelstein




2) From the Miami Court Pacemonitor re the Rossi vs Darden litigation
Thursday, February 09, 2017
136 minutes Discovery Hearing Thu 11:14 AM
PAPERLESS Minute Entry for proceedings held before Magistrate Judge John J. O'Sullivan: Discovery Hearing held on 2/9/2017. Total time in court: 1 hour and 25 minutes. Attorney Appearance(s): Francisco J Leon de la Barra, Christopher Martin Lomax, Rodolfo Nunez, John William Annesser, II. (Digital 10:08:10) (cg1)

3) From Gregory Goble
Cold Fusion/LENR and Metallic Hydrogen
https://plus.google.com/107190105791959392745/posts/AJ53FMKaCXr

4)Updated- LENR the infinite and clean energy arrives earlier thn we have thought

LENR die unedliche und saubere energikommt fruher als gedacht
http://fehnblog.de/lenr-die-unendliche-und-saubere-energie-kommt-frueher-als-gedacht.html
5) Video Lenr 101 Part 2 The Rossi Effect

6)Living in a fog

7) Now on my friend Vlad's site:
Industrial Heat Expands LENR Research, Boeing Rossi Connection Claimed
http://www.zpenergy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=3737

8) A very interesting Vortex thread
Re: [Vo]:Defining the active particle of an LENR runaway

9) 

LENR IN CONTEXT-1

Date:February 9, 2017
Source:University of Colorado at Boulder
Summary:
Engineers have developed a scalable manufactured metamaterial -- an engineered material with extraordinary properties not found in nature -- to act as a kind of air conditioning system for structures. It has the ability to cool objects even under direct sunlight with zero energy and water consumption.

This Material Can Harvest Energy From the Sun, Heat, and Movementhttps://futurism.com/3-revolutionary-material-can-harness-energy-from-the-sun-heat-and-from-movement-all-at-once/



LENR IN CONTEXT-2
The Internet and your brain are more alike than you think
Date:February 9, 2017
Source:Salk Institute
Summary:
A similar rule governs traffic flow in engineered and biological systems, reports a researcher. An algorithm used for the Internet is also at work in the human brain, says the report, an insight that improves our understanding of engineered and neural networks and potentially even learning disabilities.

14 comments:

  1. Why Peter is correct about in situ NAE production and Ed Storms is wrong. The LENR reaction has produced meltdown conditions where all lattice based NAE storage was destroyed and yet the LENR reactor continued to melt through lab tables and concrete floors.

    ERGO, the LENR reaction can exist independent of any metal lattice confinement.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Before commenting, AXIL would be wise to check his facts. Absolutely no evidence exists to support the statement "The LENR reaction has produced meltdown conditions where all lattice based NAE storage was destroyed". F-P only said they observed what they thought was a liquid metal. They did not say and could not have determined whether the entire Pd sample had melted. We know that a Pd cathode accumulates Li, B, Si and other elements in its surface region, all of which would lower the melting point of the surface, the only part F-P were able to see was melted. The remainder of the sample could have remained solid. Therefore, the comment made by AXIL does not apply. Understanding of LENR keeps being confused by soppy deductions based on bad data. I expected AXIL to do better.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Edmund Storms beat me to the punch on this point.

    Claiming the (which ones ?) meltdown were a direct result of LENR is a leap of faith claim few scientists would make without backing evidence.

    The P&F meltdown (if this is an example) occurred overnight and was not being monitored. There was only ever speculation that it was just a LENR event.

    Be cautions on such claims esp if framed in a sweeping or blanket fashion.

    Doug Marker

    ReplyDelete
  4. When the lattice melts or vaporizes, the NAE stored in that portion of the lattice would according to Ed Storms theory would be removed from heat production, so the meltdown should be self limiting and terminat. In other words, when a proportion of the NAE is removed, then the LENR reaction should diminish in proportion to the number of disabled NAEs.

    This heat production self throttling does not occur. Therefore, the NAE is not necessarily bounded inside the lattice. On the contrary, the meltdown seems to accelerate as witnessed by Rossi as follows:

    On self-destruct --- 1MW in 10 seconds !!!!!


    James Bowery
    December 28th, 2013 at 7:54 PM

    Dr. Rossi,

    When you say that reactors “explode” when out of control, do you mean they actually produce a loud noise? Or do they merely destructively over-heat? (As apparently happened to a HotCat in this photograph during the prior validation test:)

    http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-XuKgtxpqL9U/UYQSyPJP-OI/AAAAAAAAJYI/96mRUBJjs1w/s1600/hot-cat.JPG


    Andrea Rossi
    December 28th, 2013 at 8:32 PM
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=833&cpage=4#comment-891334

    James Bowery:
    Very sorry, I cannot answer to this question exhaustively, but I can say something. Obviously, the experiments are made with total respect of the safety of my team and myself. During the destructive tests we arrived to reach temperatures in the range of 2,000 Celsius degrees, when the “mouse” excited too much the E-Cat, and it is gone out of control, in the sense that we have not been able to stop the raise of the temperature ( we arrived on purpose to that level, because we wanted to study this kind of situation). A nuclear Physicist, analysing the registration of the data, has calculated that the increase of temperature ( from 1 000 Celsius to 2,000 Celsius in about 10 seconds), considering the surface that has increased of such temperature, has implied a power of 1 MW, while the Mouse had a mean power of 1.3 kW. Look at the photo you have given the link of, and imagine that the cylinder was cherry red, then in 10 seconds all the cylinder became white-blue, starting from the white dot you see in the photo ( after 1 second) becoming totally white-blue in the following 9 seconds, and then an explosion and the ceramic inside ( which is a ceramic that melts at 2,000 Celsius) turned into a red, brilliant stone, like a ruby. When we opened the reactor, part of the AISI 310 ss steel was not molten, but sublimated and recondensed in form of microscopic drops of steel.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This description sounds very much like the fusion of an electrical heating element in a confined space, such as within the confines of a ceramic former, when over driven to destruction.
      It causes an electrical arc being sustained by the vaporized heater element products in the confined space of the ceramic former. The arc is sustained over a greater and greater distance as the heater element is consumed, starting at the initial break point and then extending away from that point along the heater element. The electrical arcing continues until such time as the heater element is destroyed over such a length that the driving voltage is unable to sustain the arc.
      The arc will extend over a much longer length than would be sustainable in free air because the vaporized fusion products, which are electrically conductive, ( a plasma) are confined by the enclosed ceramic. Obviously, the higher the driving voltage, then the longer the arc can be sustained.
      When you open up the heater after the event, it is characterized by a very small area of melted ceramic and a quite extensive section of destroyed heater element. The relevant section of heater element is vaporized to very small round droplets which solidify around the ceramic after the arc has stopped.
      I don't think this effect has ever been seriously attributed to any form of lenr. If it was due to lenr then it would mean lenr can be initiated by a very wide range of heater elements. It has always been attributed to simple electrical overload causing heater element failure.
      It usually occurs in just one small part of the element, not over the entire length or in multiple parts.
      It always self extinguishes after the arc length exceeds what can be sustained by the driving voltage.

      Delete
    2. Please note this section of Rossi's reply:

      "During the destructive tests we arrived to reach temperatures in the range of 2,000 Celsius degrees, when the “mouse” excited too much the E-Cat, and it is gone out of control, in the sense that we have not been able to stop the raise of the temperature ( we arrived on purpose to that level, because we wanted to study this kind of situation)."

      The E-Cat is driven by a activator reactor called a "Mouse". The E-Cat id not heated by an electric element of any kind. The "Mouse" is a low Cop reactor where the Cop does not exceed 1.2. All the power that was generated by the meltdown came from the fuel inside the E-Cat.

      During the meltdown process in the E-Cat, there was a rapid ramp up of power from 1.2 Kw to 1 Megawatt in 10 seconds. In those 10 seconds, the power increased by a factor of 1,000 before the E-Cat exploded.

      "and then an explosion and the ceramic inside"

      During this meltdown, the ceramic became an active generator of excess power beyond the 1 megawatt level. The white hot ceramic could not have formed cracks to harbor NAE development in only 10 seconds.

      In the F&P meltdown, the concrete vaporized at a temperature in excess of the melting point of nickel and the meltdown produced a hole in the concrete excavated by concrete and steel vaporization which included the vaporization of the steel rebar in the floor.

      Delete
    3. http://newinflow.ru/pdf/Klimov_Poster.pdf

      This experiment by Klimov is a wonderful proof that all the LENR theories based on lattice formation of the NAE is not all encompassing.

      The assumption that underpins this claim is that there is only one fundamental cause that produces the LENR reaction. This assumption is based upon the existence of a set of global properties that accompany any and all LENR reactions. For example, the thermalization of gamma radiation is one such global characteristic of all LENR reactions no matter what the LENR system may be. There are a few other global characteristics including the isotopic stabilization of all nuclear byproducts that come out of a LENR reaction.

      In this experiment, the LENR reaction involves only argon and aluminum. The high voltage Tesla electric arc produces a temperature of 7000K that vaporizes a minute fraction of the aluminum electrode. These aluminum ions rapidly condense into nanoparticles immediately after they leave the high temperature of the arc, whereupon Surface Plasmon Polaritons(SPP) form on the surfaces of these nano and micro aluminum particles. The light from the arc driven argon gas produces XUV light. These photons of light entangles with electrons in the plasma to form SPPs on the aluminum dust in a vortex based soliton.

      The transmutation of heavy elements such as nickel shows that multiple atoms of aluminum and/or argon come together in a multi-atom cluster fusion reaction.

      Delete
  5. "What drives universe's expansion?"
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